The Active Straight Leg Raise (ASLR) is one of the fundamental tests of the Functional Movement Screen (FMS) that is a lower limb reciprocal pattern that assesses dynamic hip mobility while simultaneously looking at core stability and motor control of the trunk and pelvis during single leg hip hinging.
A few notes to consider:
-It is NOT simply a hamstring test!!! Sure, the extensibility of the hamstring on the lifting leg will affect the movement, but it is only one of the many factors involved
-This is not just a test to see how high you can raise one leg while laying on your back. What we are observing is how high can you raise one leg while keeping that leg straight with a neutral foot position while keeping the other leg in its set up position, which is straight on the floor with the hip and foot in neutral and leg straight at the knee. The movement is stopped and marked at the point either leg goes out of set up position, which is often well before maximum end range of a simple single leg lift.
-The ASLR is labeled as one of our "Mobility" patterns, but it is only because it is found closer to the Mobility end of the movement continuum, but all patterns involve both mobility and motor control factors.
This pattern can be seen in many functional and athletic situations. Here are a few examples:
Identifying fundamental patterns - such as the leg raise - in daily activity and sport is a significant component of FMS Level 1 - Movement Experience
. The more we appreciate how patterns influence daily tasks, the better our opportunity and initiative to improve.
Interventions to Improve the Leg Raise
When aiming to improve any movement pattern, especially those heavily slanted towards mobility, the first steps of intervention
always include soft tissue work for any of the involved areas to create improved circulation, extensibility and tissue quality, as well as instructing and implementing deep breathing strategies prior to introducing any exercise.
The video below shows a progression of supine flexion drills that have been
shown to be consistently beneficial for improving the Leg Raise. The full video with verbal instructions can be found by clicking here:
A few key points to note from these drills:
-This is only focusing on the flexion aspect of the pattern. As important as that may be, it is often the ability to maintain extension in the opposite leg that is just as much, if not more, of the issue at hand. In those cases, a full progression series focused on extension based drills such as bridging and half kneeling would be implemented.
-The progression shown here may happen over the course of a single session or may need to take place over several weeks depending on the motor learning capabilities of the individual and their compliance with the program. The progression is also not necessarily linear and some individuals may be able to skip over some of these drills and progress to more advanced drills done in higher level functional positions such as half kneeling and standing.
The teaching style I use is often done in 3 steps:
First I show you a marker or some type of feedback mechanism to show you how to recognize if you are doing it properly. In the case of Leg Lowering drills, I will have the individual put their finger just below their ASIS (Front of the hip bone) and monitor its position. If they feel that finger dip down, similar to pushing down on a button, it indicates that they have begun to rotate their pelvis posteriorly which means any additional movement will be from the spine, which is not what we are looking to achieve. We are looking to recognize hip hinging only at this point and disassociate the hips and low back. The point at which this happens is what we call our "break point".
The second step is that on the next rep I ask the individual to tell me when they think they have hit their break point to make sure they comprehend what we are looking for. This allows for more independence which is crucial for success when prescribing a home exercise program.
Finally I coach for them to try and push past the break point without losing form and maintaining a neutral pelvis, looking for continual improvement with each session, or even each repetition. When pushing into this level of challenge it is essential that they recognize their breathing and to not hold their breath which is instinctual when we get pushed out of our comfort zone. Exhale and try to pick up an inch or two of movement.
Removing the Negative
Sometimes the best exercise to correct a poor movement pattern is the one that we STOP doing. There are certain exercises that we call "Red Light" exercises that are contradicted for each movement pattern when someone cannot demonstrate an acceptable level of movement in that pattern. If we were to to continue to perform these exercises or activities while trying to improve a faulty pattern, we might take one step forward and two steps back. In the case of the Leg Raise, hip hinging exercises like jumping, squats, deadlifts and kettlebell swings should be avoided until sufficient movement competency is achieved.
The concept of identifying critical patterns in daily movement is a key component of FMS Level 1 - Movement Experience. By helping our clients learn to appreciate patterns vs parts, we can help them Move Well so that they can Move Often. Full schedule of upcoming seminars here: https://www.functionalmovement.com/events